About GATE 2016

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India examination administered and conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISC) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board – GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India.

The purpose of GATE examination is to test the comprehensive understanding of a student in various undergraduate subjects of Engineering and Technology. GATE Examinations for all the 22 papers is conducted by an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT).

The question paper for GATE has two formats of questions:
• Multiple-choice type: For multiple choice type questions, candidates have to choose the answer from the given four options.
• Numerical answer type: Numerical answer type questions are not multiple-choice type; the candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual keypad.

  • Higher Studies with Financial Assistance The GATE score is used for admissions to post-graduate programs (eg. M.E., M.Tech, direct Ph.D.)in IITs, NITs and various reputed Institutions with a financial assistance provided by the MHRD.
  • Employments in PSU Companies Many public sector undertakings(PSUs)recruit Engineers on the basis of GATE score. Some these PSU’s are:Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (BPCL), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (HPCL), Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. (IOCL), National Fertilizers Ltd. (NFL), Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd., NHPC Ltd., NTPC Ltd., Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd., Vizag Steel Plant and others.

The categories of candidates eligible to appear for GATE 2016 are given in Table below along with necessary supporting documents. Please study the following table carefully and make sure that your year of qualification is not later than what is specified.
Copies of Certificates to be submitted

Qualifying Degree(short) Qualifying Degree/Examination(Descriptive) Description of Eligible candidates Year of Qualification cannot be later than
B.E./B.Tech./B.Pharm. Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after Diploma in Engineering/Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs. Currently in the final year or already completed 2016
B. Arch. Bachelor’s degree holders of Architecture (Five years course) Currently in the final year or already completed 2016
B.Sc. (Research)/B.S. Bachelor’s degree in Science(Post-Diploma/ 4 years after 10+2) Currently in the 4th year or already completed 2016
M.Sc./M.A./MCA or equivalent Master’s degree in any branch of Science/ Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent Currently in the final year or already completed 2016
Int. M.E./ M.Tech (Post-B.Sc.) Post-BSc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/ Technology (Four year program) Currently in the 2nd/3rd/4th year or already completed 2018
Int. M.E./M.Tech or Dual Degree(after Diploma or 10+2) Integrated Master’s degree programor Dual Degree program in Engineering/ Technology (Five year program) Currently in the 4th/5th year or already completed 2017
Int. M.Sc./ Int. B.S.-M.S. Integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B.S.-M.S. program Currently in the final year or already completed 2016
Professional Society Examinations   (equivalent to B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch.) B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations, of Professional Societies, recognized by MHRD/ UPSC/ AICTE(e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India) Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses

In case a candidate has passed one of the qualifying examinations as mentioned above in 2015 or earlier, the candidate has to submit the degree certificate / provisional certificate / course completion certificate / professional certificate / membership certificate issued by the society or institute. In case, the candidate is expected to complete to complete one of the qualifying criteria in 2016 or later as mentioned above, he/she has to submit a certificate from Principal or a copy of marks card for section A of AMIE.

Certificate from Principal Candidates who have to submit a certificate from their college Principal have to obtain one from his/her institution beforehand and upload the same during the online submission of the application form.

Candidates with Backlogs Candidates, who have appeared in the final semester/year exam in 2015, but with a backlog (arrears/failed subjects) in any of the papers in their qualifying degree should

1. upload a copy of any one of the mark sheets of the final year,

OR

2. obtain a declaration from their Principal along with the signature and seal beforehand and upload the same during the online submission of the application form.

For the GATE 2016 examination, a candidate can apply for only one of the 23 papers listed in Table given below. The syllabus for each of the papers is given separately. Making a choice of the appropriate paper during GATE application is the responsibility of the candidate. Some guidelines in this respect are suggested below.

The candidate is expected to appear in a paper appropriate to the discipline of his/her qualifying degree. However, the candidate is, free to choose any paper according to his/her admission plan, keeping in mind the eligibility criteria of the institutions in which he/she wishes to seek admission. For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, the candidate is advised to refer to the websites of that institute.
Table: List of GATE papers and corresponding codes

S.No Paper Code S.No Paper Code
1 Aerospace Engineering AE 12 Geology and Geophysics GG
2 Agricultural Engineering AG 13 Instrumentation Engineering IN
3 Architecture and Planning AR 14 Mathematics MA
4 Biotechnology BT 15 Mechanical Engineering ME
5 Civil Engineering CE 16 Mining Engineering MN
6 Chemical Engineering CH 17 Metallurgical Engineering MT
7 Computer Science and InformationTechnology CS 18 Petroleum Engineering PE
8 Chemistry CY 19 Physics PH
9 Electronics and CommunicationEngineering EC 20 Production and IndustrialEngineering PI
10 Electrical Engineering EE 21 Textile Engineering and FibreScience TF
11 Ecology and Evolution EY 22 Engineering Sciences XE*
 23 Life Sciences XL**
XE Paper Sections Code XL Paper Sections Code
Engineering Mathematics (Compulsory) A Chemistry (Compulsory) H
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry I
Materials Science C Botany J
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology K
Thermodynamics E Zoology L
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology M
Food Technology G

*XE (Engineering Sciences) and **XL (Life Sciences) papers are of general nature and will comprise of Sections listed in the above table. More detailed explanation is given below.

General Aptitude Questions

All the papers will contain few questions that test the General Aptitude (Language and Analytical Skills), apart from the core subject of the paper.

XE Paper

A candidate appearing in the XE paper has to answer the following

1. Section A – Engineering Mathematics (compulsory)

2. GA – General Aptitude (compulsory)

3. Any two of XE sections B to G

The choice of two sections from B to G can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (B to G).

XL Paper

A candidate appearing in the XL paper has to answer the following

1. Section H – Chemistry (compulsory)

2. GA – General Aptitude (compulsory)

3. Any two of XL sections I to M

The choice of two sections from I to M can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections (I to M).
Duration and Examination Type
The GATE examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The question paper will consist of both multiple choice questions (MCQ) and numerical answer type (NAT) questions. The pattern of question papers is discussed in Section.

The examination for all the papers will be carried out in an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates will be shown the questions in a random sequence on a computer screen. The candidates are required to either select the answer (for MCQ type) or enter the answer for numerical answer type question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard (keyboard of the computer will be disabled). Each candidate will be provided with a scribble pad for rough work. The scribble pad has to be returned after the examination. At the end of the 3-hour window, the computer will automatically close the screen from further actions.

Important Dates Related to GATE 2016

GATE Online Application Processing System (GOAPS) Website Opens Tuesday 1st September 2015
(00:00 Hrs)
Last Date for Submission of Online Application through Website Thursday 1st October 2015
(23:59 Hrs)
Last Date for Request for Change in the Choice of City Friday 20th November 2015
Availability of Admit Card on the Online Application Interface for printing Thursday 17th December 2015
GATE 2016 Online ExaminationForenoon: 9.00 AM to 12.00 NoonAfternoon: 2.00 PM to 5.00 PM Saturday
and Sunday
30th January, 1st, 6th and
7th February, 2016
Announcement of Results on the Online Application Website Saturday 19th March 2016
(17:00 Hrs)

Pattern of Question Papers

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks are in General Aptitude (GA).

In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

GATE 2016 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).

(ii) Numerical Answer Questions of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions.

Design of Questions

The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities:

(i) Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.

Example

Q. During machining maximum heat is produced
(A) in flank face
(B) in rake face
(C) in shear zone
(D) due to friction between chip and tool

(ii) Comprehension: These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.

Example

Q. A DC motor requires a starter in order to
(A) develop a starting torque
(B) compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns
(C) limit armature current at starting
(D) provide regenerative braking

(iii) Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.

Example

Q. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:
(A) 5.0 (B) 8.0 (C) 10.0 (D) 12.0

Examples of each of this design is given in the types of questions above.

The questions based on the above logics may be a mix of single standalone statement/phrase/data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.

(iv) Analysis and Synthesis: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information. Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognising unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information.

Marking Scheme

For 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

General Aptitude (GA) Questions

In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 10 marks).

Question Papers other than GG, XE and XL

These papers would contain 25 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 25 marks) and 30 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 60 marks). The question paper will consist of questions of multiple choice and numerical answer type. For numerical answer questions, choices will not be given. Candidates have to enter the answer (which will be a real number, signed or unsigned, e.g. 25.06, -25.06, 25, -25 etc.) using a virtual keypad. An appropriate range will be considered while evaluating the numerical answer type questions so that the candidate is not penalized due to the usual round-off errors.

GG (Geology and Geophysics) Paper

Apart from the General Aptitude (GA) section, the GG question paper consists of two parts: Part A and Part B. Part A is common for all candidates. Part B contains two sections: Section 1 (Geology) and Section 2 (Geo-physics). Candidates will have to attempt questions in Part A and either Section 1 or Section 2 in Part B.

Part A consists of 25 multiple-choice questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 25 marks and some of these may be numerical answer type questions). Each section in Part B (Section 1 and Section 2) consists of 30 multiple choice questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 60 marks and some of these may be numerical answer type questions).

XE Paper (Engineering Sciences)

In XE paper, Engineering Mathematics section (Section A) is compulsory. This section contains 11 questions carrying a total of 15 marks: 7 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 7 marks), and 4 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 8 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type questions.

Each of the other sections of the XE paper (Sections B through G) contains 22 questions carrying a total of 35 marks: 9 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 9 marks) and 13 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 26 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.

XL Paper (Life Sciences)

In XL paper, Chemistry section (Section H) is compulsory. This section contains 15 questions carrying a total of 25 marks: 5 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 20 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.

Each of the other sections of the XL paper (Sections I through M) contains 20 questions carrying a total of 30 marks: 10 questions carrying 1 mark each (sub-total 10 marks) and 10 questions carrying 2 marks each (sub-total 20 marks). Some questions may be of numerical answer type.

Note on Negative Marking for Wrong Answers

For a wrong answer chosen for the multiple choice questions, there would be negative marking. For 1-mark multiple choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. However, there is no negative marking for a wrong answer in numerical answer type questions.

After the evaluation of the answers, the raw marks obtained by a candidate will be converted to a normalized GATE Score.

The GATE score will be computed using the formula given below.

Calculation of Normalized Marks for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME papers (multi-session papers)
In GATE 2016, examination for some papers may be conducted in multi-sessions. Hence, for these papers, a suitable normalization is applied to take into account any variation in the difficulty levels of the question papers across different sessions. The normalization is done based on the fundamental assumption that “in all multi-session GATE papers, the distribution of abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions”. This assumption is justified since the number of candidates appearing in multi-session papers in GATE 2016 is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random. Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session paper, the number of candidates allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude.

Based on the above, and considering various normalization methods, the committee arrived at the following formula for calculating the normalized marks for the multi-session papers.

F1

After evaluation of the answers, normalized marks based on the above formula will be calculated corresponding to the raw marks obtained by a candidate and the GATE 2016 Score will be calculated based on the normalized marks.

For all papers for which there is only one session, actual marks obtained will be used for calculating the GATE 2016 Score.

Calculation of GATE Score for all papers
GATE 2016 score will be calculated using the formula

F2

After the declaration of results, GATE Scorecards can be downloaded by
(a) All SC/ST/PwD candidates whose marks are greater than or equal to the qualifying mark of SC/ST/PwD candidates in their respective papers, and
(b) All other candidates whose marks are greater than or equal to the qualifying mark of OBC (NCL) candidates in their respective papers.

There is no provision for the issue of hard copies of the GATE Scorecards.
The GATE 2016 Committee has the authority to decide the qualifying mark/score for each GATE paper. In case any claim or dispute arises in respect of GATE 2016, the Courts and Tribunals in Bangalore alone shall have the exclusive jurisdiction to entertain and settle any such dispute or claim.